Danielle Kreb


Danielle Kreb is a member of the IUCN Cetacean Specialist Group and has been working as a scientific program advisor since 2000 for the local NGO, Yayasan Konservasi RASI (Conservation Foundation for Rare Aquatic Species of Indonesia http://www.ykrasi.110mb.com), based in Samarinda of which she is co-founder. She obtained a doctoral degree in 2004 at the Institute of Biodiversity and Ecosystem Dynamics, Science Faculty of the University of Amsterdam, which focused on the conservation and social ecology of freshwater and coastal Irrawaddy dolphins in Indonesia. She developed several action plans based on dedicated field studies on both coastal and freshwater cetaceans in Indonesia. Her main interests and current activities include conservation-oriented and capacity building research of cetaceans and their habitats in Asia, development of integrated conservation programs to protect rare and endangered species, including initiating biodiversity and socio-economic studies that aid in the preservation of aquatic habitats of cetaceans and other species.
E-mail contact: yk.rasi@gmail.com

CURRICULUM VITAE

PERSONALIA

Name: Daniëlle Kreb
Title:
Ph.D.
Date & place of birth:
05-09-1971, Noordoostpolder, The Netherlands
Nationality: Dutch
Member: IUCN/ SSC/Cetacean Specialist Group
Residence address:
Komplek Pandan Harum Indah Blok D, 87, Samarinda 75124, Kalimantan Timur, Indonesia
Contact details:
Indonesia: Mobile: + 62.(0)81346489515, Office phone/ fax: + 62.(0)541.206406
E-mail/ web: yk.rasi@gmail.com, danielle.kreb1@gmail.com, http://www.ykrasi.110mb.com

EDUCATION

1989 Certificate of secondary education at Prof. Ter Veen Lyceum, Emmeloord, Holland
Subjects: Dutch, English, French, Latin, Biology, History and Economics

1991 Propaedeutics’ certificate of the Faculty of Sociology, University of Amsterdam

1992 High-school certificates of Physics and Chemistry

1992-1997 Master of Science degree at the Faculty of Biology of the University of Amsterdam. Subjects: Mathematical Models, Philosophy of Science, Evolutionary Genetics, Systematics and Biogeography, Behavioral Ecology, Physical Geography, Palaeo and Contemporary Ecology, Tropical Terrestrial Ecology, Nature Conservation, Tropical Marine Ecology, Marine Biology, Animal Behavior

2004 Doctoral Degree obtained at the University of Amsterdam. Doctoral thesis entitled: Facultative river dolphins: Conservation and social ecology of freshwater and coastal Irrawaddy dolphins in Indonesia”.

Language skills: Fluently- Dutch, Bahasa Indonesia/ Malay, English; Good- French; Medium- German.

ORGANIZATIONAL/WORKING EXPERIENCE

September 2000 until present

Co-founder of a local NGO in East Kalimantan, Indonesia, the Conservation Foundation for Rare Aquatic Species of Indonesia (Yayasan Konservasi RASI) established in 2000 (registration number: 02.054.531.5-722.000). The organization’s goal is to conduct conservation activities based on biological/ social-economical research in Indonesia to protect endangered, aquatic related species and their freshwater and marine habitat/ ecosystem, thereby protecting natural resources with importance to humankind as well. YK-RASI also promotes a sustainable use of natural resources of the aquatic (related) environment by aiding self-supporting sustainable resource user-groups. Until now RASI’s main focus has been on the protection and sustainable management of natural resources in the Middle Mahakam River, Lakes and Wetlands Area in East Kalimantan with a special focus on the critically endangered freshwater Irrawaddy dolphin population and (migratory) bird diversity but also on fragile coastal ecosystems and its fauna/ flora. RASI is the local partner organization together with Wetlands International Indonesia Program (WI-IP) for the Mahakam Lakes within the international Living Lakes Network (www.globalnature.org) and a member of Wetlands Link International WLI Asia. Sponsors of 33 executed and ongoing projects include: WWF Indonesia; USAID; KNIP (Royal Netherlands Embassy in Jakarta, Conservation Projects) ; (OPCF) Ocean Park Conservation Foundation; Gibbon Foundation; GNF (Global Nature Fund) ; FFI (Flora Fauna International); WDCS (Whales and Dolphin Conservation Society); NC-IUCN/ Small Wetland Projects; J.C. van der Hucht Fonds; WDCS; Van Tienhoven Foundation; Dutch Foundation for International Bird Protection (NSIV); NC-IUCN/ Biodiversity & Tourism ; Oriental Bird Club; WILCON; PTES (People’s Trust for Endangered Species); Ursula Merz Foundation; (BfN) German Agency for Nature Conservation, (BMU) the German Ministry for Environment; MMC (US Marine Mammal Commission); Government East Kalimantan; WWF Germany; Rufford Foundation; IUCN; Hand-in-Hand Fund; MBZ (Muhammad Bin Zhayed Funds); WFN (Whitely Funds for Nature/ WWF-UK).

Job description: Scientific Program Advisor/ Manager and International Contact Person. Main tasks and experience within the organization are research, (inter)national lobby, developing proposals, design and conducting integrated surveys (biological, socio-economical) for zonation mapping of high-diversity value areas and protected area development processes, supervision on projects’ scientific quality and progress monitoring/ evaluation, awareness/ outreach to several layers of society, as well as reporting. Initiating contact and cooperation with international sponsors.

Special knowledge/ experience: Applied conservation biology, population biology, biology systematics, sustainable resources use (particularly aqua-culture), strong field experience in both terrestrial and coastal marine integrated field surveys for zonation mapping of high conservation value areas and diversity, very capable in fund-raising and outreach to both academic and non-academic audience. In ten years time, I have successfully designed 32 projects and received project funding for these from the above mentioned sponsors.

Personal tasks within current and past program activities:

-    Developing and supervising the implementation of the conservation and monitoring program “Pesut Mahakam Conservation Program” by YK-RASI for the protection of freshwater dolphin habitat in the Mahakam River including environmental awareness/ education and sustainable livelihoods projects (mainly sustainable aqua-culture) as well as PA establishment and management (2000-ongoing).

-     Supervised a pilot conservation research project on a dugong population in Balikpapan Bay, Indonesia, conducted in 2002 and 2003.

-  Developing and supervising the implementation of the conservation program “Protecting the Mahakam Lakes in East Kalimantan, Indonesia through integrated/ participatory spatial planning and management” to arrive at a zonation design of area usage for all stakeholders with overlapping land-use interest (2004-ongoing). Including feasibility studies on reforestation of identified critical land impacting on the lakes (2008-2009), Protected Area identification and mapping of high-impacting critical forest on the wetlands ecosystem including investigating of its hydrological and ecological function, biodiversity and socio-economic assessment (2010).

-       Supervising and analyzing biodiversity and socio-economic assessment surveys in the Mahakam Area (2005-2007).

-       Developing and executing a research program on conservation of coastal cetaceans in Derawan Archipelago, Northeast Kalimantan (2007-2008) with environmental education campaigns organized with local communities and schools focusing on sustainable resources use, coral reefs and aquatic fauna.

-     Developing and executing a research project on conservation of coastal Irrawaddy dolphins in Balikpapan Bay, East Kalimantan (2008) with environmental education campaigns organized with local communities and schools focusing on mangrove protection and aquatic related fauna.

-       Organizing an international workshop “Workshop on Establishing Protected Areas for Asian Freshwater Cetaceans, East Kalimantan, Indonesia, 2009.Freshwater cetaceans as flagship species for integrated river conservation management” in Samarinda, East Kalimantan (19-24 October 2009)

-      Developing and executing the “East Kalimantan Cetacean Survey Project 2009-2010. Conservation and diversity of cetaceans within a proposed Marine Protected Area of East Kutai and Bontang District, East Kalimantan, Indonesia”

-      Assigned as specialist staff in 2010 by the National Department of Conservation of Biodiversity (KKH) of the Ministry of Forestry and Nature Conservation (PHKA) to develop the National Conservation Strategy Plan for Pesut Mahakam for 2010-2020.

-      Weekly teaching in 2010-2011 at junior high school SMP4 in Samarinda for bilingual class. Teaching subjects: English biological environmental education

-  Collaborative integrated research with the Provincial Fisheries Department for identification of high-potential marine conservation areas within East Kalimantan to obtain the nationally set objectives of extension of 2 million hectares of MPA’s within Indonesia (2011-2012). Initial project was performed in Balikpapan Bay in May 2011 by making an assessment of the condition of mangrove, seagrass, corals, fisheries, aqua-culture, socio-economics of local communities and aquatic or mangrove fauna/ flora.

- Developing and executing the East Kalimantan Cetacean Conservation Project 2011-2012. Conservation and diversity of cetaceans within a new potential MPA in East Kalimantan, Indonesia with environmental education campaigns organized with local communities and schools focusing on sustainable resources use, coral reefs and aquatic fauna.

-    2012- Weekly teaching Scientific Writing and Presenting Course for Ph.D students (15) at Mualwarman University, Samarinda.

October-November 2012. Preparing a Rapid Marine Mammal Assesment report, which will serve as baseline data for environmental approval (UKL/UPL) from the Ministry of Environment prior to BP seismic survey conducted in the Mollucas. To be followed up by preliminary vessel-based marine vertebrates observations, to be conducted in December/January 2012.

INTERNATIONAL CONGRESSES/ WORKSHOPS

Dec 1999 - Participant in 13th Biennial Conference on the Biology of Marine Mammals, Maui, Hawai.

June 2000 – Invited participant/ presenter in the two-week 52nd meeting of the International Whaling Commission within the Standing sub-Committee on Small Cetaceans, Aidelaide, Australia.

December 2003 – Ph.D. days 2003 in Amsterdam, The Netherlands. Oral presentation – “Conservation and population biology of the freshwater Irrawaddy dolphin in Borneo”. Also, poster presentation, which received the number one prize for best Ph.D poster.

March 2005 – Invited presenter in the Workshop to Develop a Conservation Action Plan for Freshwater Populations of Irrawaddy Dolphins, 21-26 March 2005, Phnom Penh, Cambodia.

September 2006 – Invited presenter in the “Connecting Partners in Tourism and Environmental Protection for Sustainable Lakes” workshop in Lake Balaton, Hungary.

November 2006 – Invited moderator and presenter in the workshop Establishment of Sustainable Forms of Aquaculture? at the 11th Living Lakes Conference Sustainable Lake Management, Balancing Agriculture and Lake Protection. 29 October – 3 November 2006. Lake Poyang, Nanchang City, China.

September 2008- Invited presenter on the conservation program of the Mahakam dolphins at the 12th Living Lakes Conference. 23-26 September, Lake Trasimeno, Italy.

October 2009- Co-organizer, presenter and workshop session moderator in the “Workshop on Establishing Protected Areas for Asian Freshwater Cetaceans, East Kalimantan, Indonesia, 2009.Freshwater cetaceans as flagship species for integrated river conservation management” in Samarinda, East Kalimantan (19-24 October 2009)

March 2010- Invited presenter and rapporteur in the “International workshop on conservation of Irrawaddy dolphin with special reference to underwater acoustic study”, 25th-26th March 2010, Bhubaneshwar, Orissa.

January 2011- Invited presenter in seminar: Climate Change Mitigation Program in East Kalimantan, 28 January 2011. Samarinda, East Kalimantan.

February 2011- Invited presenter in workshop: “Determining and quantifying threats to coastal cetaceans: A regional collaborative workshop. February 22-24, 2011, Kuching, Sarawak.

November 2011- Invited participant to the “2nd World Low Carbon Conference & Technical Exposition, Nov 10 -12, Nanchang, Jiangxi, P.R. China.

November 2011- Invited participant and presenter during the seminar on Establishing Asian Living Lakes Network and Training course Nov 13-17 Nanchang, Jiangxi, P.R. China – Community-based sustainable alternative livelihood development for lake protection.

December 2011 – Invited presenter and co-organizer: international workshop on collaborative research and conservation of the Mahakam freshwater dolphin and Asian dolphin observatories real time networking.

February 2012- Invited Presenter at the International Workshop ‘ New Indonesian Frontiers’, 21 February 2012, UNMUL, Samarinda.  Presentation on Wetlands and Biodiversity in the Middle Mahakam Area, East Kalimantan, Indonesia

November 2012- Invited Presenter at the international Expert Workshop on ”Development, Environment and the People of Kalimantan. Mercure Hotel, Banjarmasin, November 13-14, 2012.

RESEARCH FIELD EXPERIENCE

1996- Eight months radio-tracking field study on the ecology of the Scottish wildcat, Felis silvestris grampia in the Angus Glens in Scotland.  Project of Wildlife Conservation Research Unit,Department of Zoology, University of Oxford

Feb-April 1997- Two months preliminary survey on the occurrence of the Irrawaddy dolphin, Orcaella brevirostris, in the Mahakam River area in East Kalimantan, Indonesia with Regional Nature Conservancy Agency (BKSDA).

Feb – April 1998  – Assisting in surveys on the distribution of the Indo-Pacific Hump-backed Dolphin, Sousa chinensis in the South China Sea near Hong Kong as a volunteer for cetacean specialist Dr T.A. Jefferson and OPCF.

Feb 1999 – Sept 2002 – Conducting a research project on Irrawaddy dolphins in the Mahakam River and cetaceans in coastal waters of East Kalimantan as part of a Ph.D. requirement. Ph.D. candidacy conducted at the Institute of Biodiversity and Ecosystem Dynamics/ University of Amsterdam.

November 2003 – Supervising a coastal cetacean diversity project in Derawan archipelago in Northeast Kalimantan waters.

June & Sept 2005; August & Nov 2007; Sept & Nov 2010; July & September 2012 - Bi-annual abundance- and threat-monitoring surveys on the freshwater Irrawaddy dolphin population in the Mahakam.

October 2007 – June 2008 – Leading and conducting research program on the diversity and density of coastal cetaceans in Derawan Archipelago, Northeast Kalimantan waters.

May-July-Nov 2008- Leading and conducting monitoring surveys on coastal Irrawaddy dolphins in Balikpapan bay, East Kalimantan to detect relative and total abundance and threat monitoring.

July, August, November 2009. Study of the Irrawaddy dolphin population in Sesayap River, Northeast Kalimantan and providing recommendations for its conservation. Cooperation project with WWF-Indonesia/ Germany.

December 2009, 2011, 2012-2014- Cooperation project with the Underwater Technology Research Center Institute of Industrial Science, the University of Tokyo for “Real-time acoustic monitoring of Irrawaddy Dolphins in Mahakam River”. I am assigned to be performing visual and audible acoustic observations.

Nov 2009, May 2010– Leading and conducting marine mammal monitoring surveys along the East Kalimantan Coast north of Mahakam Delta to Tanjung Mangkalihat. Focus on identification of priority areas for MPA establishment based on seasonal and year-round relative local abundance, distribution patterns, habitat use and cetacean species diversity.

May-July 2010- Performing an acoustic underwater impact analysis and protocol development for marine mammals monitoring from percussive piling activities within the project area of PT Dermaga Kencana Indonesia (DKI) at Muara Tempadung, Balikpapan Bay, East Kalimantan, Indonesia (2010). Providing recommendations for good environmental performance including mangrove restoration and sedimentation reduction.

May 2011- Collaborative integrated feasibility study with the Provincial Fisheries Department for identification of high-potential marine conservation areas within Balikpapan Bay focusing on fish resources, mangrove, seagrass, corals, marine mammal diversity potential and socio-economic assessment studies.

October & December 2011, March & May 2012 - Leading and conducting marine mammal monitoring surveys along the East Kalimantan Coast north of Mahakam Delta to Tanjung Mangkalihat. Focus on identification of priority areas for MPA establishment based on seasonal and year-round relative local abundance, distribution patterns, habitat use and cetacean species diversity.

PUBLICATIONS

Kreb, D. (1999) Observations on the occurrence of Irrawaddy dolphin, Orcaella brevirostris, in the Mahakam River, East Kalimantan, Indonesia. Zeitschrift für Säugetierkunde, 64, 54–58.

Kreb, D. and Smith, B.D. (2000) Orcaella brevirostris (Mahakam subpopulation). In: IUCN 2004. 2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. <http://www.redlist.org/>.

Kreb, D. (2002) Density and abundance of the Irrawaddy dolphin, Orcaella brevirostris, in the Mahakam River of East Kalimantan, Indonesia: a comparison of survey techniques. The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology, Supplement, 10, 85–95.

Kreb, D. (2004) Facultative river dophins: Conservation and social ecology of freshwater  and coastal Irrawaddy dolphins in Indonesia. PhD thesis, University of Amsterdam, pp. 1-230

Kreb, D. & Rahadi, K.D. (2004) Living under an aquatic freeway: effects of boats on Irrawaddy dolphins (Orcaella brevirostris) in a coastal and riverine environment in Indonesia. Aquatic Mammals, 30, 363–375

Kreb, D. & Budiono (2005) Conservation management of small core areas: key to survival of a Critically Endangered population of Irrawaddy river dolphins Orcaella brevirostris in Indonesia. Oryx, 39 (2), 1-11.

Kreb, D. (2004) Abundance of freshwater Irrawaddy dolphins in the Mahakam in East Kalimantan, Indonesia, based on mark-recapture analysis of photo-identified individuals. Journal of Cetacean Research and Management, 6 (3), 269-277.

Kreb, D & Budiono (2005) Cetacean Diversity and Habitat Preferences in Tropical Waters of East Kalimantan, Indonesia. The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology 53 (1), 149-155.

Kreb, D., Budiono and Syachraini. 2007. Status and Conservation of Irrawaddy Dolphins Orcaella brevirostris in the Mahakam River of Indonesia. In Status and Conservation of Freshwater Populations of Irrawaddy Dolphins, WCS Working Paper Series 31 (B.D. Smith, R.G. Shore, and A. Lopez, eds.), pp. 53-66, Wildlife Conservation Society, Bronx, NY.

Kreb, D., Budiono & Syachraini. (2010). Review on the conservation and establishment of protected areas for the Irrawaddy dolphins in the Mahakam River, East Kalimantan, Indonesia. Pp. 37-4 in: Establishing protected areas for Asian freshwater cetaceans as flagship species for integrated river conservation management. Samarinda, 19-24 October 2009 (eds. D. Kreb, R.R. Reeves, P.J. Thomas, G. Braulik and B.D. Smith). Final Workshop report: Yayasan Konservasi RASI, Samarinda. Available online at: http://www.ykrasi.110mb.com/asia_freshwater_dolphin_workshop.html

Kreb, D. Reeves, R.R., Thomas, P.J. Braulik, G.  and B.D. Smith (2010). Establishing protected areas for Asian freshwater cetaceans as flagship species for integrated river conservation management. Samarinda, 19-24 October 2009. Final Workshop report: Yayasan Konservasi RASI, Samarinda. Available online at: http://www.ykrasi.110mb.com/asia_freshwater_dolphin_workshop.html

Kreb, D., Perrin, W.F., ‘T Hart, P., Güçlüsoy, H., Van Waerebeek, K. 2011. Peter Johannes Hendrikus van Bree 1927–2011. Marine Mammal Science, 27: 665–670.

Setiasih, N., Kreb, D., Adnyana, W., Supangat, A., Susetyo Adi, N., 2010, Threats Analysis of Climate

Change Impact on the Marine Ecosystem and Biodiversity in the Savu Sea. WWF Indonesia.

Smith, B.D., Beasley, I. & Kreb, D. (2003) Marked declines in populations of Irrawaddy dolphins. Oryx, 37, 401–401.

Smith, B.D., Shore, R.G., Lopez, A., Beasley, I. Gilbert, M., Sokha, K., Kittawattanawong, K., Kreb, D., Moelyono, H., Tun, M.T., Channy, O., Pattnaik, A., Somany, P., Phothitay, C., Sutaria, D. and Tin, T. (2007). Action Plan for the Conservation of Freshwater Populations of Irrawaddy Dolphins. In Status and Conservation of Freshwater Populations of Irrawaddy Dolphins, WCS Working Paper Series 31 (B.D. Smith, R.G. Shore, and A. Lopez, eds.), pp. 9-20, Wildlife Conservation Society, Bronx, NY.

Vilstrup, J.T., Ho, S.J.W., Foote, A.D., Morin, P.A., Kreb, D., Krützen, M., Parra, G.J., Robertson, K.M., De Stephanis, R, Verborgh, P., Willerslev, E., Orlando, L. and Gilbert, M.T.P. (2011) Mitogenomic phylogenetic analyses of the Delphinidae with an emphasis on the Globicephalinae. BMC Evolutionary Biology 11: 65.

RESEARCH REPORTS

Budiono, Kreb, D., Rafidha A. (2006) Middle Mahakam Conservation Program. Technical report YK-RASI: 2005 Biodiversity surveys in the Middle Mahakam Lakes and Wetlands Area in East Kalimantan, Indonesia.

Budiono, Rafidha A., Kreb D. & Soeyitno A. (2007) Middle Mahakam Conservation Program. Bird diversity surveys and conservation status assessment of the lesser adjutant in the Middle Mahakam Lakes and Wetlands Area in East Kalimantan, Indonesia, 2005-2007. Technical report YK-RASI submitted to Global Nature Fund.

Budiono and Kreb, D. (2009) GNF final report on the community-based reforestation feasibility study of Lake Jempang shores in East Kalimantan, Indonesia. Yayasan Konservasi RASI, Samarinda, Indonesia.

Budiono and Kreb, D. (2009) Socializing the protected status of lesser adjutants and other bird species in the Middle Mahakam Area, East Kalimantan, Indonesia with local communities. Technical Report submitted to Stichting M&P WILCON ECOGUIDE FUND.

Budiono and Kreb, D. (2011) Protecting the breeding habitat of the lesser adjutant in the tropical lowland Metau forest, West Kutai District, East Kalimantan. Technical Report submitted to Stichting M&P WILCON ECOGUIDE FUND.

Kreb, D., Syahrani & Budiono (2005) Pesut Mahakam Conservation Program 2005. Technical Report: Abundance and threats monitoring surveys during medium-high and low waterlevels, June & September 2005.

Kreb, D., Syachraini & Lim, I.S. (2007). Pesut Mahakam Conservation Program. Technical report: Abundance and threats monitoring surveys during medium to low water levels, August/September & November 2007

Kreb, D., Budiono and Pitman, R.L. (2008). Sulawesi Sea Cetacean Project 2007-2008. Final technical report. Conservation and diversity of marine cetaceans in the Berau Archipelago, East Kalimantan, Indonesia.

Kreb, D. & Lim, I.S. (2009) Balikpapan Bay Irrawaddy dolphin Project 2008. Final Technical Report. Conservation and diversity of cetaceans in and near Balikpapan Bay, East Kalimantan, Indonesia.

Kreb, D. (2010) East Kalimantan Cetacean Survey Project 2009-2010. Final technical report. Conservation and diversity of cetaceans within a proposed Marine Protected Area of East Kutai and Bontang District, East Kalimantan, Indonesia.

Kreb, D. & Lim, I.S. (2010). Pesut Mahakam Conservation Program. Technical report: Abundance and threats monitoring surveys during medium to high water levels, September & October/November 2010

Kreb, D., Noor, I.Y., Budiono, Syachraini (2012). Pesut Mahakam Conservation Program. Technical report: Abundance and threats monitoring surveys during low levels, July and September 2012.

Kreb, D., Budiono, Syachraini (2012).  Final technical report. East Kalimantan Cetacean Conservation Project 2009-2012. Conservation and diversity of cetaceans within a new potential MPA in East Kalimantan, Indonesia

Kreb, D. 2010. Final technical report on underwater noise mitigation and dolphin monitoring during percussive piling activity by PT DKI in Muara Tempadung, Balikpapan Bay, East Kalimantan.

Kreb, D. and Rukman, D. 2010. Final Report July, August & November 2009 Surveys. Study of the Irrawaddy dolphin population in Sesayap River, Northeast Kalimantan and providing recommendations for its conservation. Cooperation project with WWF-Indonesia/ Germany.

Syachraini, Kreb, D. & Budiono (2006) Socio-economic Assessment Surveys in the Middle Mahakam Lakes and Wetlands Area in East Kalimantan, Indonesia, 2005