Simone Panigada

Tethys Research Institute
Viale G.B. Gadio 2, 20121 Milano, Italy
tel. +39 0272001947 / 0272013943
fax +39 0286995011
http://www.tethys.org/

E-mail: panigada@inwind.it
Born: Lecco (Italy), 28 April 1969
Italian citizen
Married

Education

  • Ph.D. in Environmental Biology. University of Siena, Italy (18-03-2002). Thesis title: “Ecology of the fin whale (Balaenoptera physalus) in the Ligurian Sea: seasonal presence, distribution and habitat choice”.
  • Degree in Biological Sciences. University of Milan, Italy (21-02-1997). Thesis title: “Distribution, relative abundance and behavioral patterns of Stenella coeruleoalba (Meyen, 1833) in the Western Ligurian Sea, revealed with visual and acoustic survey”.

Current positions

Vice-President, Tethys Research Institute (www.tethys.org).
The Tethys Research Institute, founded in 1986, is a non-profit NGO dedicated to the preservation of the marine environment. It focuses on marine animals and particularly on cetaceans inhabiting the Mediterranean Sea, and aims at protecting its biodiversity by promoting the adoption of a precautionary approach for the management of natural resources. Public awareness and conservation activities, coupled with education and capacity building, find their strength in the Tethys’ internationally recognized scientific background. The activities conducted by Tethys – inspired by compelling scientific evidence – seek to prevent the decline of marine species and to encourage a sustainable use of the marine environment, particularly where habitat degradation makes it necessary.

Principal Investigator for a project funded by the Italian Ministry of the Environment on “Satellite telemetry applied to fin whales in the Mediterranean Sea”.

Co-principal Investigator of a project funded by “Stretto di Messina S.p.A.” on spatial modelling of cetacean in the waters of the Strait of Messina, to assess the potential risk associated to the construction of a suspended bridge over the Strait.

Member of the Scientific Committee of ACCOBAMS (www.accobams.org).
The Scientific Committee of ACCOBAMS, comprised of persons qualified as experts in cetacean conservation science, is an advisory body to the Meeting of the Parties. The Committee meets approximately once every year.

Member of the Scientific and Technical Committee of the Pelagos Sanctuary.
The Pelagos Sanctuary is a wide Marine Protected Area (MPA) established in 2002 by a joint declaration between the Governments of France, Italy and Monaco. The Sanctuary was inscribed in the SPAMI list within the framework of the Barcelona Convention, after the ratification process of the three signatory States. This MPA lies between south-eastern France, Monaco, northern Sardinia and north-western Italy, covering an area of almost 90,000 km2. The area included in the Sanctuary comprises national waters of Italy, France and Monaco and adjacent international waters.

Member of the Italian Delegation at the Scientific Committee of the International Whaling Commission (www.iwcoffice.org).
The Scientific Committee comprises up to 200 of the world’s leading whale biologists. The Committee meets in the two weeks immediately before the main Commission meeting and it may also hold special meetings during the year to consider particular subjects. The Scientific Committee’s report provides an annual review of the major issues affecting cetacean conservation. The subject matter considered by the Committee is largely determined by the scientific needs of the Commission.

Recent projects funded and directed as Principal Investigator

  • 2005-2006 – Co-principal Investigator of a project funded by “Stretto di Messina S.p.A.” on spatial modelling of cetacean in the waters of the Strait of Messina, to assess the potential risk associated to the construction of a suspended bridge over the Strait. With the Tethys Research Institute.
  • 2007-2009 – Principal Investigator for a project funded by the Italian Ministry of the Environment to “Assess the presence of critical habitats for cetaceans within the Pelagos Sanctuary, coupled with an aerial survey for absolute abundance of striped dolphin and fin whales during the winter months”.
  • 2009 – Principal Investigator for a project funded by the Italian Ministry of the Environment on “Ship strikes in the Mediterranean Sea: assessment and identification of conservation and mitigation measures”.
  • 2010 – Principal Investigator for a project funded by the Italian Ministry of the Environment to “Assess the presence, distribution and abundance of cetaceans in the Italian Seas through aerial surveys”.

Ongoing/major professional experience

  • 1993/present – Ecology and conservation of the fin whale (Balaenoptera physalus) in the Ligurian Sea. With the Tethys Research Institute.
  • 1998/present – Tagging and tracking with VHF transmitters and Velocity-Time-Depth-Recorder of fin whales in the Ligurian Sea. Principal Investigator. With the Tethys Research Institute.
  • 2001-2004 – Director of research, member of the Steering Committee and Regional Coordinator for the Concerted Action Europhlukes (EVR1-CT-2001-20007) funded by the European Commission.
  • 2002/present – Habitat use and preferences of cetaceans living in the Western Ligurian Sea, using geospatial modeling. Principal Investigator. With the Sea Mammal Research Unit and the Tethys Research Institute.
  • 2002-2006 – Member of the Board of Directors, European Cetacean Society.
  • 2003-2005 – Marie Curie Post Doctoral Fellow (Individual Fellowship CAT. 30, QLK5-CT-2002-51634), Sea Mammal Research Unit, University of St. Andrews, Scotland (www.smru.st-and.ac.uk). Title of the project: “Habitat choice and preferences of cetaceans in the western Ligurian Sea: insight through telemetry and satellite imagery”.
  • 2005/present – National contact point in regard to ship strikes of cetaceans, within the Ship Strikes Working Group (SSWG) established under the Conservation Committee of the International Whaling Commission.
  • 2005 – Organizer of the Joint ACCOBAMS/Pelagos Workshop on Fin Whales in the Mediterranean Sea. Monaco, 12-13 November.
  • 2005 – Organizer of the Joint ACCOBAMS/Pelagos Workshop on Large Whale Ship Strikes in the Mediterranean Sea. Monaco, 14-15 November.
  • 2008 – Ship-based line transects survey to assess absolute abundance of cetaceans in the Pelagos Sanctuary. With Greenpeace international and ISPRA (Italy). 1-12 August.
  • 2009 – Aerial line transects survey to assess absolute abundance of cetaceans in the Pelagos Sanctuary. 8 January-2 February. Principal Investigator.
  • 2007-2011 – Chair, European Cetacean Society (www.europeancetaceansociety.eu). The European Cetacean Society is the largest European association of cetacean scientists. It has about 500 professional members from over 30 countries and organizes annual meetings.
  • 2011 – Satellite telemetry of humpback whales off Barra Grande, Brazil. Projeto Monitoramento de Baleias por Satelite. With Instituto Aqualie.

Research interests

  • Natural history, ecology, habitat use, spatial modeling, telemetry, remote sensing, absolute abundance, acoustics, critical habitats. Interactions between marine mammals and man: ship strikes, entanglements, by-catch, habitat degradation, conservation of vulnerable species.
  • Systematic monitoring of cetacean populations.
  • Public awareness and popularization of issues relating to the conservation of the marine environment, particularly in the Mediterranean Sea.

Language skills: (rating 5= highest to 1=lowest for competence)

Language                            Reading       Speaking       Writing
Italian (mother tongue)         5                    5                    5
English                                      5                    5                    5
French                                       4                  2-3                  1
Spanish                                     4                  2-3                  1

Miscellaneous

  • Italian captain license for sailing and motor boats.
  • CMAS International diving certificate, 2nd level.
  • Naturalistic photography.
  • Good knowledge of PC and Macintosh applications.
  • Good knowledge of Geographic Information Systems (GIS) applications (ArcView GIS 3.2 Software).
  • Basic knowledge of R and Matlab software.
  • Thesis advisor and external examiner for several students in Italian and foreign Universities.
  • Member of the Editorial Board of The Scientific World JOURNAL, Marine Biology.

Past professional experience

1992, August – The socio-ecology of bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus) in the northern Adriatic Sea: photo-identification and behavioral observations. With the Tethys Research Institute.

1992, December – Crossing of the Atlantic Ocean on board of a 41 foot sailing vessel.

1993, December – Cetacean survey in the Ligurian Sea on board of the Rainbow Warrior. With Greenpeace International.

1994, summer – Acoustic survey in the Ligurian Sea. With the International Fund for Animal Welfare (IFAW).

1994/2000 – In charge of the logistic and organization of Gemini Lab, a 19.8 meter long ketch motor-sailer of the Tethys Research Institute.

1996, summer – Ecology and bioacoustics of odontocete cetaceans in the Ligurian Sea. Principal Investigator. With the Tethys Research Institute.

1997, May 24 – June 4 – Organizer and trainer of a training cruise in the Ionian Sea for eastern Mediterranean Countries, funded by the Regional Activity Center for Special Protected Areas (RAC/SPA – MAP/UNEP).

1997, summer – Captain of Gemini Lab, a 19.8 meter long ketch motor-sailer of the Tethys Research Institute.

1998, May/June – Captain of Gemini Lab, a 19.8 meter long ketch motor-sailer of the Tethys Research Institute.

1998, May 21 – June 1 – Organizer and trainer of a workshop and a training cruise in the waters of Tunisia and Malta for eastern Mediterranean Countries, funded by the Regional Activity Center for Special Protected Areas (RAC/SPA – MAP/UNEP).

1998, August 8 – September 15 – Guest student at the Biology Department of the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution.

1999, 2-14 August – Cetacean expert during the Sirena 1999 cruise in the Ligurian Sea, within the Sound, Oceanography and Living Marine Resources (SOLMR) Project of the SACLANT Undersea Research Centre.

2000, August 30 – September 8 – Cetacean expert during the Sirena 2000 cruise in the Ligurian Sea, within the Sound, Oceanography and Living Marine Resources (SOLMR) Project of the SACLANT Undersea Research Centre. In collaboration with the Biology Department of the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution.

2001/2002 – Grant holder for a project on the “Impact of Collisions between Cetaceans and Vessels on Mediterranean Sea Populations” funded by the International Fund for Animal Welfare (IFAW). With the Tethys Research Institute.

2001, 6-9 May – Organizer and chairman of a workshop entitled “Collisions between cetaceans and vessels: can we find solutions”. 15th Annual Meeting of the European Cetacean Society, Roma, Italy.

2001-2002 – “Invited person” to the Institute for Environment and Sustainability, Inland and Marine Waters, of the Joint Research Centre of the European Commission (www.me.sai.jrc.it) November 2001 – April 2002.

2004, June – September – Chief Scientist – Science logistical coordinator, Mediterranean Voyage of the Odyssey, with the Ocean Alliance (www.oceanalliance.org – www.pbs.org/odyssey).

2004, 27 September – 2 October – Tagging and tracking with VHF transmitters and Velocity-Time-Depth-Recorder of fin whales in the Celtic Sea. Principal Investigator. With the Irish Whale and Dolphin Group.

Invited participation to conferences and workshops

2001 – Invited speaker to the Europhlukes Workshop “Who Swims there?” Leiden, the Netherlands, 8 December.

2002 – Invited speaker to the Europhlukes Scientific Conference. Madeira, Portugal, 22-25 November.

2003 – Invited speaker to the Europhlukes Student Lecture, Leiden, the Netherlands, 12 November.

2004 – Invited speaker to the 2nd Conference of the Signatory Parties of the Pelagos Sanctuary. Porto Azzurro, Elba Island. 14-15 September.

2004 – Invited speaker to Míol Mór 2004 – International Whale Conference, Co. Cork, Ireland. 24-26 September.

2004 – Invited speaker to the “Conferenza Straordinaria sull’Ambiente” organized by ARPAT Tuscany, Porto Ferraio, Elba Island. 28-29 October.

2007 – Invited expert to the Joint Industry Program Workshop on: “the technology requirements for the JIP research program on effects of sound on marine wildlife”. St. Andrews, Scotland, U.K. 20-22 March.

2007 – Invited speaker to the IUCN Workshop on: “Risks from Maritime Traffic to Biodiversity in the Mediterranean Sea”. Istanbul, Turkey, 20-22 September.

2008 – Invited speaker to the VII European Seminar on marine mammals: biology and conservation. 15-19 September. Universidad Internacional Menéndez Pelayo, Valencia, Spain.

2009 – Invited speaker and panel convener to the First International Conference on Marine Mammal Protected Areas (ICMMPA), Maui, Hawaii, USA, March 30-April 3.

2009 – Invited speaker at the 5th Port-Cros Symposium organized by the Total Foundation on Biodiversity and Maritime transport. Porquerolles, France, 7-9 October.

2010 – Invited speaker and member of the steering committee of the IWC-ACCOBAMS workshop on ‘Reducing Risk of Collisions Between Vessels and Cetaceans’. Beaulieu-Sur-Mer, France, 21-24 September.

2011 – Invited speaker to the Safesea Seminar on “Sustainability of local fishing arts and the promotion of a safer sea for cetaceans”. Figueras da Foz, Portugal, 16-17 April.

2011 – Invited speaker to the ORCA-WSPA workshop on ship strikes “Biscay Large Whale Ship-Strike Project”. London, United Kingdom, 18-19 April.

2012 – Invited speaker to the CIESM research workshop no 45 on ” Marine species extinctions – Patterns and processes”. Valencia, Spain, 10-13 October.

Conferences and workshops attended

European Cetacean Society

1994 – 8th Annual Meeting of the European Cetacean Society, Montpellier, France, 4-6 March.

1995 – 9th Annual Meeting of the European Cetacean Society, Lugano, Switzerland, 9-11 February.

1997 – 11th Annual Meeting of the European Cetacean Society, Stralsund, Germany, 10-12 March.

2001 – 15th Annual Meeting of the European Cetacean Society, Roma, Italy, 6-9 May.

2002 – 16th Annual Meeting of the European Cetacean Society, Liege, Belgium, 7-10 April.

2003 – 17th Annual Meeting of the European Cetacean Society, Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Spain, 10-12 March.

2004 – 18th Annual Meeting of the European Cetacean Society, Kolmarden, Sweden, 28-31 March.

2005 – 19th Annual Meeting of the European Cetacean Society, La Rochelle, France, 1-6 April.

2006 – 20th Annual Meeting of the European Cetacean Society, Gdynia, Poland, 3-6 April.

2007 – 21st Annual Meeting of the European Cetacean Society, San Sebastian, Spain, 23-25 April.

2008 – 22nd Annual Meeting of the European Cetacean Society, Egmond aan Zee, the Netherlands, 10-12 March.

2009 – 23rd Annual Meeting of the European Cetacean Society, Istanbul, Turkey, 2-4 March.

2010 – 24th Annual Meeting of the European Cetacean Society, Stralsund, Germany, 22-24 March.

2011 – 25th Annual Meeting of the European Cetacean Society, Cadiz, Spain, 21-23 March.

2012 – 26th Annual Meeting of the European Cetacean Society, Galway, Ireland, 26-28 March.

ACCOBAMS

2002 – ACCOBAMS 1st Meeting of the Parties, Monaco. 28 February – 2 March.

2004 – ACCOBAMS 2nd Meeting of the Parties, Palma de Mallorca, Spain. 8-12 November.

2007 – ACCOBAMS 3rd Meeting of the Parties, Dubrovnik, Croatia. 22-26 November.

2010 – ACCOBAMS 4th Meeting of the Parties, Monaco, 9-12 November.

2002 – 1st Meeting of the Scientific Committee of ACCOBAMS, Tunis, 3-5 October.

2003 – 2nd Meeting of the Scientific Committee of ACCOBAMS, Istanbul, 20-22 November.

2005 – 3rd Meeting of the Scientific Committee of ACCOBAMS, Cairo, Egypt, 14-17 May.

2006 – 4th Meeting of the Scientific Committee of ACCOBAMS, Monaco, 5-8 November.

2008 – 5th Meeting of the Scientific Committee of ACCOBAMS, Rome, Italy 17-19 April.

2010 – 6th Meeting of the Scientific Committee of ACCOBAMS, Casablanca, Morocco, 11-13 January.

2011 – 7th Meeting of the Scientific Committee of ACCOBAMS, Monaco, 28-31 March.

International Whaling Commission

2004 – 56th meeting of the Scientific Committee of the International Whaling Commission. Member of the Italian Delegation. Sorrento, Italy, 28 June – 6 July.

2005 – 57th meeting of the Scientific Committee of the International Whaling Commission. Member of the Italian Delegation. Ulsan, Korea. 30 May – 7 June.

2006 – 58th meeting of the Scientific Committee of the International Whaling Commission. Member of the Italian Delegation. St Kitts and Nevis. 24 May – 4 June

2007 – 59th meeting of the Scientific Committee of the International Whaling Commission. Member of the Italian Delegation. Anchorage, Alaska, U.S.A. 5-17 May.

2008 – 60th meeting of the Scientific Committee of the International Whaling Commission. Member of the Italian Delegation. Santiago, Chile, 1-13 June.

2009 – 61st meeting of the Scientific Committee of the International Whaling Commission. Member of the Italian Delegation. Madeira, Portugal, 31 May-13 June.

2010 – 62nd meeting of the Scientific Committee of the International Whaling Commission. Member of the Italian Delegation. Agadir, Morocco, 30 May-11 June.

2011 – 63rd meeting of the Scientific Committee of the International Whaling Commission. Member of the Italian Delegation. Tromso, Norway, 30 May-11 June.

2012 – 64th meeting of the Scientific Committee of the International Whaling Commission. Member of the Italian Delegation. Panama City, Panama, 11-23 June.

Miscellaneous

1995 – Bioacoustical workshop organized by the Acoustical Society of America, Orlando, Florida, 12-13 December.

1995 – Eleventh Biennial Conference on the Biology of Marine Mammals, Orlando, Florida, 14-18 December.

1997 – Bioacoustical Oceanography Workshop. University of California at Santa Cruz. July 20 – August 16.

1997 – Third National Conference on cetaceans organized by “Centro Studi Cetacei, Società Internazionale di Scienze Naturali”, Neaples, Italy. 5-6 December.

1998 – 12th Biennial Conference on the Biology of Marine Mammals, Monaco, France, 20-24 January.

1998 – Bioacoustical Oceanography Workshop. University of New Hampshire. July 24 – August 8.

1999 – Annual Science Conference of the International Council for the Exploration of the Sea (ICES), Stockholm, Sweden, 29 September-2 October.

1999 – 13th Biennial Conference on the Biology of Marine Mammals, Wailea, Maui, Hawaii, 28 Nov -3 December.

2003 – Oceans 2003 Marine Technology and Ocean Science Conference MTS/IEEE Conference, San Diego, California, USA, 22-26 September.

2004 – IV National Conference on Sea Sciences, CoNISMa, Terrasini, PA, Italy. 18-22 October.

2004 – Europhlukes final meeting, Lanzarote, Spain. 23-25 October.

2005 – 16th Biennial Conference on the Biology of Marine Mammals, San Diego, CA, USA, 12-16 December.

2006 – V National Conference on Sea Sciences, CoNISMa, Viareggio, LU, Italy. 14-18 November.

2007 – 2nd Meeting of the Scientific and Technical Committee of the Pelagos Sanctuary. Monaco, 12 March.

2008 – Introductory and Advanced Distance Workshops. University of St. Andrews, UK. 19-27 August.

2008 – IUCN World Conservation Congress, Barcelona, Spain, 5-14 October.

2008 – 3rd Meeting of the Scientific and Technical Committee of the Pelagos Sanctuary. Genova, Italy, 12-13 November.

2009 – 4th Meeting of the Scientific and Technical Committee of the Pelagos Sanctuary. Monaco, 21-22 April.

Professional affiliations

• European Cetacean Society (Member)
• Society for Marine Mammalogy (Member)

Conference abstracts, reports and non peer-reviewed publications

  1. Notarbartolo-di-Sciara, G., Berubé, M., Zanardelli, M., and Panigada, S. 1996. The role of the Mediterranean in fin whale ecology: insight through genetics. European Research on Cetaceans, 9:218-219.
  2. Jahoda, M., S. Airoldi, N. Biassoni, J.F. Borsani, L. Cianfanelli, G. Lauriano, G. Notarbartolo di Sciara, S. Panigada and M. Zanardelli. 1997. Behavioral reactions to biopsy-darting on Mediterranean fin whales. European Research on Cetaceans, 10:43-47.
  3. Panigada, S., G. Notarbartolo di Sciara. 1997. Research-training cruise on cetaceans in the Ionian Sea: 24 May to 4 June 1997. Report to RAC/SPA – MAP – UNEP. Tethys Research Institute unpublished report. 15 pp.
  4. Jahoda, M., C. Almirante, A. Azzellino, N. Biassoni, C.L Lafortuna, G. Notarbartolo di Sciara, S. Panigada, e M. Zanardelli. 1997. La reazione delle balenottere (Balaenoptera physalus) del Mar Ligure al disturbo causato dalla presenza di imbarcazioni, studiata mediante tracking passivo e monitoraggio della respirazione. III National Meeting on Cetaceans, Napoli, 5-6 dicembre 1997.
  5. Panigada, S., S. Airoldi, A. Azzellino, N. Biassoni, J.F. Borsani, L. Cianfanelli, M. Jahoda, G.C. Lauriano, G. Notarbartolo di Sciara, C. Vallini, e M. Zanardelli. 1997. Reazioni comportamentali al prelievo di biopsie da parte della balenottera comune (Balaenoptera physalus) in Mar Ligure. III National Meeting on Cetaceans, Napoli, 5-6 dicembre 1997.
  6. Panigada, S., J.F. Borsani, G. Notarbartolo di Sciara, e M. Zanardelli. 1997. Presenza, distribuzione e modelli di attività di Stenella coeruleoalba (Meyen, 1833) in Mar Ligure occidentale, rilevati mediante survey acustico e visivo. III National Meeting on Cetaceans, Napoli, 5-6 dicembre 1997.
  7. Zanardelli, M., S. Panigada, S. Airoldi, J.F. Borsani, M. Jahoda, e G. Notarbartolo di Sciara. 1997. Presenza stagionale e sex ratio di balenottera comune (Balaenoptera physalus) nell’area di alimentazione del Mar Ligure. III National Meeting on Cetaceans, Napoli, 5-6 dicembre 1997.
  8. Panigada, S., M. Zanardelli. 1998. Mediterranean Fin Whale Project. Rapporto 1990-1997. Tethys Research Institute Technical Report TRI/MFWP 98-01. 16 pp.
  9. Panigada, S., M. Zanardelli. 1998. Research-training cruise on cetaceans in the waters of Tunisia and Malta: 23 May to 1 June 1998. Report to RAC/SPA – MAP – UNEP.Tethys Research Institute unpublished report. 13 pp.
  10. Zanardelli, M., Panigada, S., Airoldi, S., Borsani, J.F., Jahoda, M., and Notarbartolo di Sciara, G. Site fidelity, seasonal residence and sex ratio of fin whales (Balaenoptera physalus) in the Ligurian Sea feeding grounds. In: Abstracts of the 12th Biennial Conference on the Biology of Marine Mammals, 20-24 January 1998, Monaco, France.
  11. Lafortuna C.L, Jahoda M., Biassoni N, Azzellino A., Zanardelli M., Panigada S., Notarbartolo di Sciara G. and Saibene F. Locomotor behavior and respiratory pattern in the mediterranean fin whale (Balaenoptera physalus) tracked in the summer feeding ground. In: Abstracts of the 12th Biennial Conference on the Biology of Marine Mammals, 20-24 January 1998, Monaco, France.
  12. Notarbartolo-di-Sciara, G., Clark, C.W., Zanardelli, M. and Panigada, S. Migration patterns of fin whales, Balaenoptera physalus: shaky old paradigms and local anomalies. 12th Biennial Conference on the Biology of Marine Mammals, 20-24 January 1998, Monaco, France.
  13. Zanardelli, M., S. Panigada. 1988. Research-training cruises on cetaceans in the Ionian Sea and in the waters of Tunisia and Malta: 1997-1998. Meeting of Experts on the implementation of the Action Plans for marine mammals (monk seal and cetaceans) adopted within the Mediterranean Action Plan. Arta, Greece, 29-31 October 1998.
  14. Panigada, S., Zanardelli, M., Canese, S. and Jahoda, M. 1999. Fin whales tracked with Velocity-Time-Depth-Recorder radio tags in the Western Mediterranean Sea. In: Abstracts of the International Council for the Exploration of the Sea (ICES), Stockholm, Sweden, 29 September-2 October.
  15. Fossi, M.C., Marsili, L., Neri. G., Casini, S., Panigada, S. 1999. From perception to prediction of ecotoxicological risk to marine mammals. In: Abstracts of the 13th Biennial Conference on the Biology of Marine Mammals, Wailea, Maui, Hawaii, 28 Nov -3 December.
  16. Jahoda, M., Almirante, C., Azzellino, A., Panigada, S., Zanardelli, M., Canese, S. 1999. 3D tracking as a tool for studying behavior in Mediterranean fin whales (Balaenoptera physalus). In: Abstracts of the 13th Biennial Conference on the Biology of Marine Mammals, Wailea, Maui, Hawaii, 28 Nov -3 December.
  17. Panigada, S., Zanardelli, M., Canese, S. and Jahoda, M. 1999. Deep diving performances of Mediterranean fin whales. In: Abstracts of the 13th Biennial Conference on the Biology of Marine Mammals, Wailea, Maui, Hawaii, 28 Nov -3 December.
  18. Fossi, M.C., Marsili, L., Neri, G., Casini, S., Bearzi, G., Politi, E., Zanardelli, M., Panigada, S. 1999. Use of Mediterranean cetaceans skin biopsies in the investigation of interspecies susceptibility to xenobiotic contaminants. PRIMO 10, Williamsburg, VA, USA, 25-29 April 1999.
  19. Marsili, L., Fossi, M.C., Neri, G., Casini, S., Bearzi, G., Politi, E., Zanardelli, M., Panigada, S. 1999. Skin biopsies for cell cultures from Mediterranean free-ranging cetaceans. PRIMO 10, Williamsburg, VA, USA, 25-29 April 1999.
  20. Marsili, L., Fossi, M.C., Neri, G., Gardi, C., Palmeri, S., Tarquini, E., Panigada, S., Zanardelli, M., Politi, E., Bearzi, G. 1999. Skin biopsies for cell cultures from free-ranging cetaceans of the Mediterranean Sea. 9th Annual Meeting of SETAC-Europe. Leipzig, Germany, 25-29 May 1999.
  21. Marsili, L., Fossi, M.C., Neri, G., Airoldi, S., Bearzi, G. and Panigada, S. 2000. Skin biopsies for cell cultures from Mediterranean free-ranging cetaceans. European Research on Cetaceans 14:231-233.
  22. Pesante, G., Zanardelli, M., Panigada, S. 2000. Evidence of man-made injuries on Mediterranean fin whales. European Research on Cetaceans, 14:192-193.
  23. Panigada, S., Notarbartolo di Sciara, G., Zanardelli, M., Airoldi, S., Borsani, J.F., Jahoda, M., Pesante, G., & Revelli, E. In press. Distribution and occurrence of fin whales in the Ligurian Sea between 1990-99. European Research on Cetaceans, 15.
  24. Jahoda M., Azzellino A., Lafortuna C.L., Notarbartolo di Sciara G., Almirante, C., Borsani, J.F., D’Amico, A., Panigada S., Zanardelli, M., and Bearzi, G. In press. Passive tracking and timing of respiration as a methodology to determine reactions of Mediterranean fin whales in response to different sources of possible disturbance. European Research on Cetaceans, 15.
  25. Panigada, S., Zanardelli, M., and Notarbartolo di Sciara, G. In press. Conservation issues concerning Mediterranean fin whales. European Research on Cetaceans, 16.
  26.  Zanardelli, M., Panigada, S., and Bearzi, G. In press. Presence of common bottlenose dolphins and short-beaked common dolphins along the Tunisia and Maltese coasts. European Research on Cetaceans, 16.
  27. Revelli, E., Panigada, S., Zanardelli, M., Azzellino, A., and Canese, S. In press. Diving behaviour of Mediterranean Fin Whales using Velocity-Time Depth Recorders. European Research on Cetaceans, 16.
  28. Barale, V., Panigada, S., and Zanardelli, M. In press. Habitat preferences of fin whales (Balaenoptera physalus) in the North-western Mediterranean Sea: a comparison between in situ and remote sensing data. In: Proceedings of the Seventh International Conference on Remote Sensing for Marine and Coastal Environments, Miami, Florida, 20-22 May 2002.
  29. Panigada, S., Pesante, G., and Zanardelli, M. 2002. Impact of collisions between cetaceans and vessel on Mediterranean Sea populations. Tethys Research Institute Report TRI/IFAW 01/2002. Pp. 17.
  30. Panigada, S., G. Pesante, S. Oehen and M. Zanardelli. In press. Day and night-time behaviour of fin whales in the Western Ligurian Sea. European Research on Cetaceans, 17.
  31. Huele, R., P. Evans, A. Cañadas, S. Panigada, H. Heijmans, E. Pauwels, A. Steenbeek. In press. Unlocking European photo-collections by feature-based retrieval. European Research on Cetaceans, 17.
  32. Panigada, S., G. Pesante, M. Zanardelli and S. Oehen. 2003. Day and night-time behaviour of fin whales in the Western Ligurian Sea. Proceedings of the Conference Oceans 2003, September 22-26, 2003, San Diego, California. Pp 466-471.
  33. Bendinoni, F., Azzellino, A., Panigada, S., and Zanardelli, M. 2003. Fin whale population estimates in the Western Ligurian Sea through mark-recapture methods applied to photo-identification Data. In: Abstracts of the 15th Biennial Conference on the Biology of Marine Mammals, Greensboro, NC, USA, 14-19 December.
  34. Panigada, S., Zanardelli Panigada, M., and Hammond, P. In press. Distribution of fin whales in the western Ligurian Sea in relation to physiographic variables. European Research on Cetaceans, 18.
  35. Panigada, S. Fin whales in the Mediterranean Sea: presence, distribution, diving behaviour and conservation issues. Míol Mór 2004 – International Whale Conference, Rosscarbery, Co. Cork, Ireland. 24-26 September 2004.
  36. Panigada, S., Notarbartolo di Sciara, G., Zanardelli Panigada, M., and Hammond, P. Fin whales summering in the Pelagos Sanctuary (Mediterranean Sea): distribution, encounter rate, relation to physiographic variables and conservation issues. IV National Conference on Sea Sciences, CoNISMa, Terrasini, PA, Italy. 18-22 October 2004.Panigada, S., Notarbartolo di Sciara, G. Il Santuario Pelagos come strumento moderno di tutela per i cetacei del Mediterraneo. Conferenza Straordinaria sull’Ambiente”, Porto Ferraio, Elba Island. 28-29 October 2004.
  37. Evans, P.G.H., Beekman, B., Cañadas, A., Davis, P., Gordon, J.C.D., Huele, R., Panigada, S., Pauwels, E., Ranguelova, E., Steenbeek, A., Steiner, L., Thijsse, P. In Press. The Europhlukes project – a European-wide photo-id catalogue. European Research on Cetaceans, 19.
  38. Huele, R., Pauwels, E., Davis, P. (3), Evans, P., Canadas, A., De Stephanie, R., Freitas, L., Martel, V.M., Villalba, N., Lopez, A. (10), Panigada, S., Gannier, A., Simila, T., Kingsley, M., Liret, C., Gordon, J., Rogan, E., Steiner, L. In press. Results of the Europhlukes project. European Research on Cetaceans, 19.
  39. Panigada, S., Pesante, G., Zanardelli, M., Capoulade, F. 2005. Are Mediterranean fin whales threatened by ship strikes? In: Abstracts of the 17th Biennial Conference on the Biology of Marine Mammals, San Diego, CA, USA, 12-16 December.
  40. Panigada, S., Zanardelli, M., MacKenzie, M., Donovan, C., Mélin, F., Hammond, P.S. In press. Modelling habitat preferences for fin whales and striped dolphins in the Pelagos Sanctuary (Western Mediterranean Sea). European Research on Cetaceans, 20.
  41. Panigada, S., Podestà, M., Zanardelli, M., Moulins, A. La balenottera comune e il rischio di collisione con imbarcazioni nel Santuario Pelagos. 5° Convegno nazionale per le Scienze del Mare (CoNISMa), Viareggio, 14-18 Novembre 2006.
  42. Fossi, M.C., Marsili, L., Casini, S., Bucalossi, D., Porcelloni, S., Maltese, S., Caliani, I., Carletti, L., Panigada, S., de Stephanis, R., Jimenez, B., Canese, S., Greco, S. Indagini ecotossicologiche su due specie “target” di cetacei del Mar Mediterraneo: Stenella coeruleoalba e Balaenoptera physalus. Analisi di biomarkers e livelli di contaminanti ambientali. 5° Convegno nazionale per le Scienze del Mare (CoNISMa), Viareggio, 14-18 Novembre 2006.
  43. ACCOBAMS. 2006. Report of the Joint ACCOBAMS/Pelagos Workshop on Fin Whales in the Mediterranean Sea. G. Donovan, S. Panigada, C. Guinet (eds.). Monaco, 12-13 Nov. 2005. 40 pp.
  44. ACCOBAMS. 2006. Report of the Joint ACCOBAMS/Pelagos Workshop on Large Whale Ship Strikes in the Mediterranean Sea. M. Weinrich, S. Panigada, C. Guinet (eds.). Monaco, 14-15 Nov. 2005. 35 pp.
  45. Panigada, S., Podestà, M., Greco, S., Rosso, M. 2006. Update on ship strikes events in Italian waters between 2002 and 2005. Paper presented at the IWC SC/58/BC4.
  46. Panigada, S., Notarbartolo di Sciara, G., Zanardelli, M., Agazzi, S., Bendinoni, F., Costa, M., and Pesante, G.. 2007. Habitat use and preferences of cetaceans in the Strait of Messina (Italy) through spatial modelling: implications for management. European Research on Cetaceans, 21.
  47. Casini, S., Fossi, M.C., Marsili, L., Bucalossi, D., Porcelloni, S., Maltese, S., Caliani, I., Spinsanti, G., Panigada, S., de Stephanis, R., Jimenez, B., Lauriano, G., Canese, S., Greco, S. 2007. Ecotoxicological study of two target species of cetaceans IN the Mediterranean sea: Stenella coeruleoalba and Balaenoptera physalus. Analysis of biomarkers and environmental contaminant levels. In: Abstracts of the 18th Biennial Conference on the Biology of Marine Mammals, Cape Town, RSA, 29 November -3 December 2007.
  48. Panigada, S., Zanardelli, M., MacKenzie, M., Donovan, C., Mélin, F., and Hammond. P.S. 2008. Habitat modeling for large cetaceans. In “Proceedings of the ECS/ASCOBANS/ACCOBAMS workshop on “Selection Criteria for Marine Protected Areas for Cetaceans”. ECS SPECIAL PUBLICATION SERIES NO. 48.
  49. Panigada, S., Giannì, A., Notarbartolo di Sciara, G., Lauriano, G. 2009. Abundance of striped dolphins in the Pelagos Sanctuary: insights through line transect surveys. European Research on Cetaceans, 23.
  50. Arrigoni M., Panigada S., Manfredi P., Santangelo G., Bramanti L. 2009. Demography of Mediterranean fin whale. 18th Biennial Conference on the Biology of Marine Mammals, Quebec City, Canada, 12-16 October 2009.
  51. Gitter S.J., Panigada S., Airoldi S., Thomas J. 2009. Whistle repertoire and geographic variation of striped dolphins (Stenella coeruleoalba) in the Pelagos Sanctuary (Mediterranean Sea). 18th Biennial Conference on the Biology of Marine Mammals, Quebec City, Canada, 12-16 October 2009.
  52. Panigada, S, Lauriano, G, Burt, L, Pierantonio, N., Donovan. 2010. Monitoring winter and summer abundance of cetaceans in the Pelagos Sanctuary through aerial surveys for conservation. European Research on Cetaceans, 24.
  53. Remonato, E., Panigada, S., Leaper, R., Donovan, G. 2010. Ship strikes with cetaceans in the Mediterranean Sea: assessment, public awareness and mitigation measures. European Research on Cetaceans, 24.
  54. Panigada, S., Lauriano, G., Pierantonio, N., Donovan, G. 2011. Monitoring cetaceans populations through aerial surveys in the Central Mediterranean Sea. European Research on Cetaceans, 25.
  55. Zanardelli, M., Airoldi, S., Beaubrun, P., Bérubé, M., Borsani, J.F., Gannier, A., Guinet, C., Hammond, P., Jahoda, M., Lauriano, G., Notarbartolo di Sciara, G., Panigada, S. 2011. Long-term photo-identification study of fin whales in the Pelagos Sanctuary (NW Mediterranean). European Research on Cetaceans, 25.
  56. Jahoda, M., Azzellino, A., Lanfredi, C., Scuderi, A., Panigada, S., Zanardelli, M., Airoldi, S. 2011. Spatial and Temporal Variability of Mediterranean Fin Whale Feeding Areas in The Pelagos Sanctuary. European Research on Cetaceans, 25.
  57. Azzellino, A., Panigada, S., Lanfredi, C., Zanardelli, M., Airoldi, S., Notarbartolo di Sciara, G. 2011. Long-Term Study of the Distribution of Cetacean Species in the Pelagos Sanctuary (Northwestern Mediterranean Sea). European Research on Cetaceans, 25.
  58. Archer, F., Morin, P., Hancock-Hanser, B., Robertson, K., Leslie, M., Bérubé, M., Panigada, S., Taylor, B. 2011. Re-assessing global fin whale (Balaenoptera physalus) taxonomy with mitogenomic sequences and a new method of diagnosability. 19th Biennial Conference on the Biology of Marine Mammals, Tampa, USA, 27 November – 2 December 2011.

Peer-reviewed publications

  1. Marsili, L., Fossi, M.C., Notarbartolo-di-Sciara, G., Zanardelli, M., Nani, B., Panigada, S. and Focardi, S. 1998. Relationship between organochlorine contaminants and mixed oxidase activity in skin biopsy specimens of Mediterranean fin whales (Balaenoptera physalus). Chemosphere 37 (8):1501-1510.
  2. Panigada, S., Zanardelli, M., Canese, S. and Jahoda, M. 1999. How deep can baleen whales dive? Marine Ecology Progress Series 187:309-311.
  3. Gordon, J.C.D., Matthews, J.N., Panigada, S., Gannier, A., Borsani, J.F., and Notarbartolo-di-Sciara, G. 2000. Distribution and relative abundance of striped dolphins, and distribution of sperm whales in the Ligurian Sea cetacean sanctuary: results from a collaboration using acoustic monitoring techniques. Journal of Cetacean Research and Management, 2(1):27-36.
  4. Fossi, M.C., Marsili, L., Neri, G., Casini, S., Bearzi, G., Politi, E., Zanardelli, M., Panigada, S. 2000. Skin biopsy of Mediterranean cetaceans for the investigation of interspecies susceptibility to xenobiotic contaminants. Marine Environmental Research, 50:517-521.
  5. Marsili, L., Fossi, M.C., Neri, G., Casini, S., Gardi, C., Palmeri, S., Tarquini, E., Panigada, S. 2000. Skin biopsy of for cell cultures from Mediterranean free-ranging cetaceans. Marine Environmental Research, 50:523-526.
  6. Jahoda, M., Lafortuna, C.L., Biassoni, N., Almirante, C., Azzellino, A., Panigada, S., Zanardelli, M. & Notarbartolo di Sciara, G. 2003. Mediterranean fin whale’s (Balaenoptera physalus) response to small vessels and biopsy sampling assessed through passive tracking and timing of respiration. Marine Mammal Science, 19(1):96-110.
  7. Notarbartolo di Sciara, G., Zanardelli, M., Jahoda, M., Panigada, S., Airoldi, S. 2003. The Fin whale Balaenoptera physalus (L. 1758), in the Mediterranean Sea. Mammal Review. 33(2):105-150.
  8. Fossi, M.C., Marsili, L., Neri, G., Natoli, A., Politi, E., and Panigada, S. 2003. The use of a non-lethal tool for evaluating toxicological hazard of organochlorine contaminants in Mediterranean cetaceans: new data 10 years after the first paper published in MPB. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 46(8):972-982.
  9. Panigada, S., Notarbartolo di Sciara, G., Zanardelli Panigada, M., Airoldi, S., Borsani J.F. and Jahoda, M. 2005. Fin whales summering in the Ligurian Sea: distribution, encounter rate, mean group size and relation to physiographic variables. Journal of Cetacean Research and Management, 7(2):137–145.
  10. Panigada, S., Notarbartolo di Sciara, G., Zanardelli Panigada, M. 2006. Fin whales summering in the Pelagos Sanctuary (Mediterranean Sea): overview of studies on habitat use and diving behaviour. Chemistry and Ecology, 22 (supplement 1):255-263.
  11. Panigada, S., Pesante, G., Zanardelli, M., Capoulade, F., Gannier, A., Weinrich, M.T. 2006. Mediterranean fin whales at risk from fatal ship strikes. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 52:1287-1298.
  12. Notarbartolo di Sciara, G., Panigada, S. 2006. Fin whale Balaenoptera physalus (Mediterranean subpopulation). Pp. 11-15 in Reeves R., Notarbartolo di Sciara G. (compilers and editors). The status and distribution of cetaceans in the Black Sea and Mediterranean Sea. IUCN Centre for Mediterranean Cooperation, Malaga, Spain.
  13. Panigada, S., Zanardelli, M., MacKenzie, M., Donovan, C., Mélin, F., Hammond, P.S. 2008. Modelling habitat preferences for fin whales and striped dolphins in the Pelagos Sanctuary (Western Mediterranean Sea) with physiographic and remote sensing variables. Remote Sensing of the Environment, 112:3400-3412.
  14. Evans, P.G.H., Panigada, S., Pierce, G.J. 2008. Integrating science and management for marine mammal conservation. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 88(6):1081–1083.
  15. Panigada, S., Pavan, G., Borg, J.A., Galil, B.S., Vallini, C. 2008. Biodiversity impacts of ship movement, noise, grounding and anchoring. In: A. Abdulla and O. Linden (editors). Maritime traffic effects on biodiversity in the Mediterranean Sea: Review of impacts, priority areas and mitigation measures. Malaga, Spain: IUCN Centre for Mediterranean Cooperation. 184 pp.
  16. Fossi, M.C., Urban, J., Casini, S., Maltese, S., Spinsanti, G., Panti, C., Porcelloni, S., Panigada, S., Lauriano, G., Niño-Torres, C., Rojas-Bracho, L., Jimenez, B., Muñoz-Arnanz, J., Marsili, L., A Multi-Trial Diagnostic Tool In Fin Whale (Balaenoptera Physalus) Skin Biopsies Of The Pelagos Sanctuary (Mediterranean Sea) And The Gulf Of California (Mexico), Marine Environmental Research (2009), doi: 10.1016/j.marenvres.2009.10.006.
  17. Evans, P.G.H., Pierce, G.J., Panigada, S. 2010. Climate change and marine mammals. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 90(8):1483-1487.
  18. Lauriano, G., Panigada, S. 2010. Aerial survey in the Pelagos Sanctuary for the Management and Conservation of the protected species. Biologia Marina Mediterranea, 17(1):43-46.
  19. Lauriano, G., Panigada, S. 2010. Line-transect distance sampling through aerial surveys for density and abundances estimates. Biologia Marina Mediterranea, 17(1):404-405.
  20. Lauriano, G., Panigada, S., Canneri, R., Manca Zeichen, M., Notarbartolo di Sciara, G. 2011. Abundance estimate of striped dolphins (Stenella coeruleoalba) in the Pelagos Sanctuary (NW Mediterranean) by means of line transect survey. Journal of Cetacean Research and Management, 11(3):279-283.
  21. Arrigoni, M., Manfredi, P., Panigada, S., Bramanti, L., Santangelo, G. 2011. Life-tables of the Mediterranean fin whale set out from stranding data. Marine Ecology: an evolutionary perspective, 32(1):1-9.
  22. Panigada, S., Lauriano, G., Burt, L., Pierantonio, N., Donovan, G. 2011. Monitoring winter and summer abundance of cetaceans in the Pelagos Sanctuary (Northwestern Mediterranean Sea) through aerial surveys. PLoS ONE 6(7): e22878. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0022878.
  23. Lauriano, G., Panigada, S., Casale, P., Pierantonio, N., Donovan, G. 2011. Abundance estimates of the loggerhead sea turtle (Caretta caretta) in the Pelagos Sanctuary, North Western Mediterranean Sea. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 437:291–302.
  24. Panigada, S., Zanardelli, M., Notarbartolo di Sciara, G. 2012. Cetaceans of the Mediterranean Sea. In: Life in the Mediterranean Sea: A Look at Habitat Changes. Nova Science Publishers, Inc. N.Y.
  25. Azzellino, A., Panigada, S., Lanfredi, C., Zanardelli, M., Airoldi, S., Notarbartolo di Sciara, G. 2012. Predictive habitat models for managing marine areas: Spatial and temporal distribution of marine mammals within the Pelagos Sanctuary (Northwestern Mediterranean sea). Ocean & Coastal Management, 67:63-74.
  26. Druon, J.N., Panigada, S., David, L., Gannier, A., Mayol, P., Arcangeli, A., Cañadas, A., Di Méglio, N., Gauffier, P. 2012. Potential feeding habitat of fin whale in the Western Mediterranean Sea. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 464:289–306.

References

GIUSEPPE NOTARBARTOLO DI SCIARA, PH.D.
Former Chairman, ACCOBAMS Scientific Committee
tel: +39 02 29402867
fax: +39 02 20401063
e-mail: disciara@gmail.com
URL: www.disciara.net

PROF. PHILIP HAMMOND
Sea Mammal Research Unit
Gatty Marine Laboratory
University of St Andrews
tel +44 (0) 1334 463222
fax +44 (0) 1334 462632
e-mail: psh2@st-andrews.ac.uk
URL: www.smru.st-and.ac.uk

RANDALL REEVES, PH.D.
Okapi Wildlife Associates
tel: +1 450 458 6685
fax: +1 450 458 7383
e-mail: rrreeves@okapis.ca

PHILLIP J. CLAPHAM, PH.D.
Alaska Fisheries Science Center
National Marine Mammal Laboratory
tel. +1 (206) 526-4037
fax +1 (206) 526-6615
e-mail: phillip.clapham@noaa.gov